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Automated Optical Inspection (AOI) is a critical testing method used in Printed Circuit Board Assembly (PCBA) to inspect and verify the quality of solder joints, component placement, and overall assembly accuracy. 

-  Principle of AOI:

  • AOI uses cameras and image recognition algorithms to examine the PCB for defects and irregularities. It captures detailed images of the PCB and compares them to a reference image or CAD (Computer-Aided Design) data.

Areas of Inspection:

  • Solder Joints: AOI checks for issues like solder bridging, insufficient solder, and open or misaligned solder joints.
  • Component Placement: It verifies the accuracy, alignment, and orientation of surface mount components on the PCB.
  • Polarity Checks: Ensures the correct polarity of components such as diodes and capacitors.
  • Presence and Absence: Detects missing or extra components on the PCB.

-  AOI in PCBA Testing:

  • Speed and Efficiency: AOI can inspect PCBs quickly, significantly reducing inspection time compared to manual methods.
  • Accuracy: AOI can detect defects and irregularities with high precision, minimizing the chances of overlooking critical issues.
  • Consistency: AOI provides consistent results, eliminating the variability associated with manual inspection.

Automated Optical Inspection is a key component of modern PCBA testing, helping manufacturers ensure high-quality, defect-free products while maintaining efficiency in the production process.

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